The Three Main Types of Foundations

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The foundation is the first part of a home that is constructed. It creates a base for the rest of a home’s parts. If a foundation is not good, the rest of the house will have problems. Because there are options for choosing a foundation type, builders and home owners have an important decision to make. Any decision concerning a foundation should be made while keeping in mind the cost, market demand, soil composition, and weather conditions of the area.

There are three main types of foundations: full-height basement, crawlspace, and slab-on-grade. All of these foundations do a more than adequate job of supporting a house.

Full-Height Basement

Full-height basement foundations provide an accessible space between the soil and the bottom of the first floor of a home. This space can be finished to provide extra space for a family or left unfinished and used primarily for storage. This type of foundation provides more head room for individuals than a crawlspace will allow.

This foundation type is typical in an area with a colder climate where the foundation needs to be below the frost level. A foundation needs to be below the frost level to prevent it from cracking.


A crawlspace foundation creates an accessible space with limited headroom between the soil and the bottom of the first floor. This type of foundation is predominantly used in areas with heavy clay content in the soil.

The crawlspace foundation does not provide a new room for a family to use but it does allow for ample storage.


Slab-on-grade foundations are the least complicated of the foundations. It is just a structural concrete slab poured directly on the dirt. There is no accessible space between the foundation and the dirt because the foundation sits on the dirt.

This type of foundation is popular in areas that have a high water table. The water table is the depth to which an individual must dig before he or she can find water.

All of these foundations are generally constructed from concrete. There are options to concrete though. The two main ones are Concrete Masonry Units (CMUs) and Insulated Concrete Forms (ICFs).

Concrete Masonry Units (CMUs) are hollow, concrete blocks similar to cinder blocks. The hollow portions are filled with concrete from top to bottom to hold the blocks together and to hold the wall together.

Insulated Concrete Forms (ICFs) are rigid foam insulation forms into which concrete is poured. The insulation forms are made of a mold, hardware, and any necessary bracing a wall or foundation could use.

After the concrete hardens in the form, the outside, the inside, or both forms are removed. This type of construction is common in areas that have building codes which require insulated foundations. The biggest benefit of this type of foundation is that the homeowner or builder can immediately finish the basement without adding studs.

Renovation Contractor Hiring Tips

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Renovation is the process of improving a structure. Two prominent types of renovations are commercial and residential. Before embarking on any renovation, it is good to look at some renovation contractor hiring tips to not only avoid con artists but also get the best contractors. Renovations can involve home modifications like stair glides, handicap modifications for disabled people, basement remodeling and renovation or business premises modifications like office space renovation. Whether one is a professional do-it-by-yourself genius or a homeowner, there comes a time when one needs some professional home building or renovating. The renovations may range from simple home modifications like bathroom renovations and remodeling to complex ones like porch lifts and elevators.

Depending on the complexity of the project at hand, the contractor chosen will be spending some time in or around the renovation premises for familiarization. Preferably the contactor should be local, since they understand the law governing the area on buildings and renovations. For instance for a person living in Toronto, it is advisable to find a Toronto home renovations company for building or renovating purposes. When looking for a renovation contractor to do some building renovations, beware of owner-contactor matchmaking services that advertise the contractor members having been pre-screened, verified or certified with valid licenses. They can be misleading to the owner who can be allured by the false sense of security. One should know for instance, the difference between a certified and a registered contractor.

A registered contractor is registered with the Department of Business and Professional Regulation after accomplishing several competency requirements in some jurisdictions, thus can only work within the certified jurisdiction. When hiring contractors for building or renovating, one is encouraged to check the validity of their insurance, licenses, bonding and other essential credentials. Check out the references provided and enquire on recently accomplished tasks similar to the one at hand. This will give an impression of how the work might be once completed. Get the names of previous clients of the contractor in question contact them for information. It is wise to ask several questions before settling for one. Some of the facts to consider are whether the contractor is open to communication during the whole duration of the project and if the contractor can keep the owner informed on the project’s progress. Others include whether the workers will work promptly and if they clean up the site after each day’s job.

It is also wise to consider if the project will be completed on time and if there will be any unnecessary delays. It is advisable to look for recommendations from previous satisfied customers as well. If possible, one should visit the contractor’s former project to see the way building or renovating work was carried out. In Toronto, Ontario, Mississauga and other parts of Canada, numerous contractor companies perform a wide range of additions and renovations. Generally Toronto home renovations involve painting, cleaning, roofing among a host of other building renovations. There are also Toronto renovation internet sites that … Read More

How to Repair Drywall – The Home Depot

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See more: From small holes and scratches to holes in your walls, watch this video on how you can repair your drywall.

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Home Improvement

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Home Improvement

Installation of Electric Water Heaters at your home. Home Improvement Ideas & Tips at

Posted by Money Pit on 2011-07-04 08:20:15

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Basic Facts About Water Damage

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The effects brought about by water damage in your home can be devastating, not just because of the damages it can cause to your most valued possessions but also the danger it can cause to your health. Hence, it should not left sitting in your home for a long period of time. Regardless of the cause that may have started it, what’s important is that it should be dealt with accordingly and properly.

The kind of restoration service that you need will depend on the type of water, too, that is in your home. Is it gray, black or clean? Clean water which usually comes out from pipe bursts is not as dangerous as the black water from which potential health problems may occur.

If you don’t take the water out as soon as possible, then you can expect to have some mold growth that could further damage your properties. This could also lead to serious health hazards like respiratory sicknesses such as asthma and any other allergic reactions. Molds can grow almost anywhere and, depending on the level of humidity of the area, it can start appearing in just about 24 to 48 hours.

Black water can also be highly unsanitary and being in close contact with it can expose you to some kinds of bacteria and even fungi that live in dirty water. The black water comes from raw sewage, the ones from flooded streams, and any kind of standing water.

The gray water is another hazardous type since it contains a lot of contaminants which can cause various kinds of sickness when you are exposed to it. This gray water is found in water toilets, dishwashers and the washing machines.

Materials which are considered porous can be damaged once exposed to water like carpets, pads, flooring which is made out of hardwood, drywall and the wall insulation behind. Other problems like plumbing malfunctions, accidental leaks and other natural causes can also lead to serious water damage.

You can surely expect to lose a lot of your personal belongings and possessions with water damage if it is not treated promptly.

Hence, if you want to protect your home and your household members, you must always take a proactive approach like doing regular routine maintenance for your home. You must check ahead of time some potential problems that might arise so that you can save a lot of money and time when an unfortunate event happens.

To act responsible and be accountable is the best way to protect your home against the worst effects that water damage can bring. To speed up your drying method, you must utilize fans and a couple of dehumidifiers placed in the right spots in your home. You must also not forget to contact your insurance company to know which claims you can make that would cover some of the damages. By doing this, you will be able to save a lot and even collect reimbursements for the possible expenses you will incur on … Read More