Empire State – New York City

General Article

Empire State -  New York City

The Empire State Building is a 102-story skyscraper located in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, on Fifth Avenue between West 33rd and 34th Streets. It has a roof height of 1,250 feet (380 m), and with its antenna spire included, it stands a total of 1,454 feet (443 m) high. Its name is derived from the nickname for New York, the Empire State. It stood as the world’s tallest building for nearly 40 years, from its completion in early 1931 until the topping out of the original World Trade Center’s North Tower in late 1970. Following the September 11 attacks in 2001, the Empire State Building was again the tallest building in New York (although it was no longer the tallest in the US or the world), until One World Trade Center reached a greater height on April 30, 2012. The Empire State Building is currently the fourth-tallest completed skyscraper in the United States (after the One World Trade Center, the Willis Tower and Trump International Hotel and Tower, both in Chicago), and the 25th-tallest in the world (the tallest now is Burj Khalifa, located in Dubai). It is also the fifth-tallest freestanding structure in the Americas.

The Empire State Building is generally thought of as an American cultural icon. It is designed in the distinctive Art Deco style and has been named as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers. The building and its street floor interior are designated landmarks of the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, and confirmed by the New York City Board of Estimate. It was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1986. In 2007, it was ranked number one on the AIA’s List of America’s Favorite Architecture.

The building is owned by the Empire State Realty Trust, of which Anthony Malkin serves as Chairman, CEO and President.[17] In 2010, the Empire State Building underwent a $550 million renovation, with $120 million spent to transform the building into a more energy efficient and eco-friendly structure.[18] The Empire State Building is the tallest Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)-certified building in the United States, having received a gold LEED rating in September 2011.

History
The site of the Empire State Building was first developed as the John Thompson Farm in the late 18th century. At the time, a stream ran across the site, emptying into Sunfish Pond, located a block away. Beginning in the late 19th century, the block was occupied by the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, frequented by The Four Hundred, the social elite of New York.

The limestone for the Empire State Building came from the Empire Mill in Sanders, Indiana which is an unincorporated town adjacent to Bloomington, Indiana. The Empire Mill Land office is near State Road 37 and Old State Road 37 just south of Bloomington. Bloomington, Bedford and Oolitic area are known locally as the limestone capital of the world

Design and construction:
The Empire State Building was designed by William … Read More

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Posted by MandCo on 2008-01-03 06:57:23

Tagged: , interior , decorating , christmas , home … Read More

Empire State – NY – Aerial View

General Article

Empire State - NY - Aerial View

The Empire State Building is a 102-story skyscraper located in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, on Fifth Avenue between West 33rd and 34th Streets. It has a roof height of 1,250 feet (380 m), and with its antenna spire included, it stands a total of 1,454 feet (443 m) high. Its name is derived from the nickname for New York, the Empire State. It stood as the world’s tallest building for nearly 40 years, from its completion in early 1931 until the topping out of the original World Trade Center’s North Tower in late 1970. Following the September 11 attacks in 2001, the Empire State Building was again the tallest building in New York (although it was no longer the tallest in the US or the world), until One World Trade Center reached a greater height on April 30, 2012. The Empire State Building is currently the fourth-tallest completed skyscraper in the United States (after the One World Trade Center, the Willis Tower and Trump International Hotel and Tower, both in Chicago), and the 25th-tallest in the world (the tallest now is Burj Khalifa, located in Dubai). It is also the fifth-tallest freestanding structure in the Americas.

The Empire State Building is generally thought of as an American cultural icon. It is designed in the distinctive Art Deco style and has been named as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers. The building and its street floor interior are designated landmarks of the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, and confirmed by the New York City Board of Estimate. It was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1986. In 2007, it was ranked number one on the AIA’s List of America’s Favorite Architecture.

The building is owned by the Empire State Realty Trust, of which Anthony Malkin serves as Chairman, CEO and President.[17] In 2010, the Empire State Building underwent a $550 million renovation, with $120 million spent to transform the building into a more energy efficient and eco-friendly structure.[18] The Empire State Building is the tallest Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)-certified building in the United States, having received a gold LEED rating in September 2011.

History
The site of the Empire State Building was first developed as the John Thompson Farm in the late 18th century. At the time, a stream ran across the site, emptying into Sunfish Pond, located a block away. Beginning in the late 19th century, the block was occupied by the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, frequented by The Four Hundred, the social elite of New York.

The limestone for the Empire State Building came from the Empire Mill in Sanders, Indiana which is an unincorporated town adjacent to Bloomington, Indiana. The Empire Mill Land office is near State Road 37 and Old State Road 37 just south of Bloomington. Bloomington, Bedford and Oolitic area are known locally as the limestone capital of the world

Design and construction:
The Empire State Building was designed by William … Read More

Jefferson Hotel – Richmond, Virginia

General Article

Jefferson Hotel - Richmond, Virginia

Opened in 1895, the resort symbolized a desire for the man who was, simultaneously, 1 of Richmond’s most modest and most colorful citizens and also Richmond’s wealthiest citizen. Lewis Ginter was born in New York of Dutch immigrant mother and father. He came to Richmond in 1842 at the age of eighteen and produced a fortune in the import business prior to dropping it to the Civil War. He served in the Accomplice Military, and then returned to New York, wherever he produced a 2nd fortune in the banking sector and shed it to a economic downturn.
At age fifty, Ginter returned to Richmond and entered the tobacco business. He produced tens of millions promoting the pre-rolled cigarette and became a civic leader and philanthropist. He then marketed his curiosity in the tobacco business and entered his fourth vocation, land growth.
A common Jeffersonian, cultured, gifted and extensively traveled (he crossed the Atlantic thirty situations, and went all over the world quite a few situations), Ginter was fascinated in the arts and architecture. He also experienced a sturdy, abiding really like for his adopted metropolis.
To produce this desire, he commissioned Carrere and Hastings, a renowned architectural firm from New York. The firm intended the Fifth Avenue Public Library and Henry Frick Household (later on the Frick Museum) in New York, as nicely as portions of the Commonwealth Club in Richmond.
Ginter’s wishes have been adopted and the resort was developed incorporating Renaissance and other forms of architecture that he admired, generating a composite, eclectic fashion well-liked at the transform of the century. When The Jefferson was elected in 1969 to the Countrywide Sign-up of Historical Locations, it was regarded as to be amongst the best examples of Beaux Arts fashion in existence.
THE OPENING – HISTORIC VIRGINIA Resorts Consider Shape
It is estimated that amongst $five and $10 million went into planning, setting up and furnishing the resort, with virtually $two million of this volume put in on development. The planning and setting up method took virtually three years with Ginter supervising just about every depth. As a centerpiece for the higher lobby, The Palm Court docket, Ginter commissioned Richmond sculptor, Edward V. Valentine, to produce a lifestyle-measurement picture of Jefferson from Carrara marble. The statue price tag $12,000 and took two years to comprehensive. Valentine was equipped to borrow clothes essentially worn by Jefferson, which he copied for the statue.
That was just the starting. Ginter imported exotic palm trees from Central and South The usa and acquired hundreds of worthwhile antiques in this article and abroad. He noticed to it that the resort experienced billiard rooms, a library, ladies’ salon, grill home, Turkish and Russian baths, plus just about every present-day ease: electric powered lights, electric powered elevators, hot and cold water in the bedrooms, and a Teleseme (predecessor of the phone) for home services.
Key Ginter’s desire was fulfilled on Oct 31, 1895. The Jefferson opened to an awed and delighted community and was enthusiastically proclaimed … Read More